Houston is a city in the state of Texas with total area of 601.7 square miles, of which 579.4 square miles comprises of land and 22.3 square miles is water. The city can be found in the gulf coastal plains biome. Its vegetation is categorized as temperate grassland, as most areas sits on marshes, swamps, prairies, and forests.
Because of the flat surfaces of most areas, flooding has become a likely and expected problem. The city used to be about 50 feet above level, however, due to extensive groundwater usage as well oil and natural gas extraction, the elevation dropped by 10 feet.
There are four major bayous that runs through the city of Houston. These are:
- Buffalo Bayou
– passes through downtown and Houston Ship Channel.
- Brays Bayou – runs into the Texas Medical Center
- White Oak Bayou – passes through the Heights and along the northwest area
- Sims Bayou – runs into the southern area of Houston and downtown.
Regarding its location based on nearby area, Houston is found 165 miles east of Austin, 112 miles west of the Louisiana border, and 250 miles south of Dallas.
Houston has a Humid Subtropical climate, meaning residents often experience hot and humid summers but mild and cool winter seasons. They have four seasons in the city:
- Summer – Running through June to August, summers are very hot and humid, thus, making air-conditioning a necessity in most residential and commercial areas.
- Autumn – warm, with temperatures averaging in the upper 60s to lower 80s °F in the daytime and in the 50s to lower 60s °F in the evenings.
- Winter – Houston experiences mild winters, meaning there are rare hard freezes and frozen precipitation.
- Spring – Lasting from March through May, temperatures gradually increases as the city recovers from the Winter season
Because of its location in the gulf of Mexico, it is rare for hurricanes and tropical storms to hit Houston.