Epoxy flooring is originally used for commercial and industrial floors because it provided a tough and durable surface to work on. Today, it is also being used in residential projects, specifically on garage and basement floors, because:
- It is resistant to damage
- It is durable enough to withstand traffic and heavy loads
- It is easy to clean and maintain
However, epoxy floors are quite challenging to install. If improperly installed, it could lead to several issues and a complete epoxy flooring fail.
Tip #1: Take Surface Preparation Seriously
Epoxy is often applied on existing concrete floors. Anything that comes between the floor and the coating could wreak havoc and cause several problems. The floor must be clean and damage-free. If it is dirty, power wash it. If it is damaged, have it repaired. If there is deep-seated dirt that won’t budge, a diamond grinding could take the top off, revealing a newer and cleaner layer underneath.
Tip #2: Check for Moisture Issues
Too much moisture will keep the coating from bonding effectively. Make sure that the floor is completely dry before applying an epoxy floor coating. Check for any leaking pipe or faucet within the area that could cause humidity to increase in the room. Put a plastic sheet on one part of the concrete floor, tape it, and leave it overnight. If there are droplets of water forming underneath the plastic sheet, there could be humidity coming from the soil under the concrete slab.
Tip #3: Make Sure to Install on a Structurally Sound Slab
Experienced contractors inspect and assess the slab first to check if it is structurally sound. A weak substrate will cause an epoxy coating to separate. It is unfortunate that the coating always gets the blame when it is really the slab underneath that has separated from the stronger coating above it.
Tip #4: Use the Right Primer
An epoxy floor coating requires a primer to help it adhere better to the surface of a concrete floor. Make sure that you use one and that is compatible with the type of substrate that you have.
Tip #5: Remove Contaminants
Oil, grease, and other residues that may have spilled and stuck on a concrete floor must be removed before the epoxy coating installation. These contaminants might have embedded itself and keep the coating from adhering properly.
It takes time and effort to properly prepare a concrete floor and to install an epoxy floor coating. However, when all these tips have been followed and the epoxy has been properly applied, the result it yields will definitely stay durable for a very long time.